Choosing Group Characteristics

  • When planning formal group work, instructors should form the groups, considering student characteristics that can contribute to more effective group processes and group performance.
  • Smaller teams tend to work better. Most studies that look at group size find that groups of 3-5 produce greater cooperativity and less social loafing, leading to better group performance and higher satisfaction.
Group size
Group composition
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Cite this guide: Wilson KJ, Brickman P, Brame CJ. (2017) Evidence Based Teaching Guide: Group Work. CBE Life Science Education. Retrieved from
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